Ovarian Stimulation: Process & Risks

Ovarian Stimulation: Process & Risks

The second step in the IVF fertility process is ovarian stimulation. From the woman’s ovaries, the intention is to remove all mature eggs formed with ovarian stimulation. Collecting many eggs increases the likelihood that one of them will be fertilised, returned to the uterus, and develop into a healthy child.

Ovarian stimulation is difficult since the normal female reproductive cycle is complex. An IVF cycle can be stressful, mainly if it’s your first time.

Related: Top IVF Myths People Need To Stop Believing

How does Ovarian Stimulation work?

During ovarian stimulation, follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH) and luteinizing hormones (LH) are administered to aid in the development, maturation, and release of more eggs. These hormones are injected to begin the procedure during a two-week period.

FSH is used to boost oestrogen levels and drive follicle growth because some naturally die when the body’s FSH levels fall. It is essential that these levels stay high to encourage higher egg production. Estrogen levels must be high since this hormone aids at the beginning of ovulation. It should be mentioned that the IVF procedure necessitates the retrieval of the eggs before ovulation.

What is the process of Ovarian Stimulation?

The timing of the ovarian stimulation procedure must be exact to coincide with the patient’s body’s normal cycle. To understand how the body is responding to the medicine being administered, it is important to carefully observe each step of ovarian stimulation.

To administer the medication for the subsequent stage, it is also crucial to understand the progression of the follicle maturation as well as what is occurring. The ovarian stimulation that causes the follicles in the ovaries to mature occurs in three stages specifically. The three stages are:

  • Stimulate the growth of follicles.
  • Prevent the egg release.
  • Final maturation.

The medicine, time and dose are decided according to the above stages.

What are the risks of Ovarian Stimulation?

Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS) is a known side effect of ovarian stimulation. However, due to new medicine and protocols of IVF, this is very rarely seen these days. A few days after the eggs have been collected, this complication may occur. A significant amount of hormone therapy is what leads to OHSS. The ovaries become painfully enlarged as a result. Most women with OHSS typically have a moderate disease which is self-limiting, but in rare instances, the raised hormones may have a serious negative impact on the patient and may require hospitalization.


If you’re looking for the best IVF centre to start your parenthood journey or you still have questions regarding this, you can always reach out to us. Ferticity IVF & Fertility Clinics is one of the best IVF centres in South Delhi. To book an appointment, call us at  +91 9910 1206 74.