Menstrual Disorders: Causes & Treatment
Menstrual disorders are troubling physical and psychological symptoms that appear soon before and during menstruation. Menstrual disorders include severe bleeding, missed periods, and uncontrollable mood swings. Some women can handle their menstrual cycles with little to no concern.
Other women, however, report having various physical and emotional symptoms before and during their periods. These symptoms, which include excessive bleeding, missed periods, and sudden mood swings, will significantly disrupt a woman’s life.
Most menstrual cycle issues have specific causes, and numerous treatments are available to alleviate your discomfort. Talk to your doctor about your symptoms if you occasionally feel overwhelmed. They can assist you in selecting the best course of treatment to make your menstrual cycle bearable once your symptoms have been appropriately assessed.
Related: Ovulation Disorders: Symptoms & Treatment
What are the causes of Menstrual Disorders?
- Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Anxiety, depression, stress, fatigue, cramps, chest pain, headache, back pain, acne, diarrhoea, bloating, insomnia, food cravings, and emotional mood changes are among the symptoms. The PMS symptoms might vary from month to month and from woman to woman. PMS is unpleasant, but it is not a cause for concern. Symptoms typically go away as soon as you start your period.
- Severe Periods: The bleeding is more intense than usual in this condition. Additionally, intervals of 5-7 days longer than usual are possible. Hormonal abnormalities, particularly those involving progesterone and oestrogen, may cause heavy periods. Other factors include hormonal changes, hypothyroidism, fibroids, puberty, and cervix inflammation.
- Painful Periods: When your period starts, you may experience certain physical pains and cramps frequently. However, some women endure excruciating discomfort before and/or when they are menstruating. Pain during this time is mostly due to an underlying medical issue, such as fibroids, endometriosis, or inflammatory conditions of the pelvis.
- Lack of Menstruation: Women occasionally do not menstruate. Amenorrhea is the medical term for this issue. Primary and secondary amenorrhea are the two forms.
What is the treatment of Menstrual Disorders?
Your irregular period’s reason will determine your course of treatment, which may include attending to any underlying medical issues. Your doctor might advise one or more of the following treatments:
- Oral contraceptives
- Hormonal spirals
- Thyroid medication
- Weight loss or weight gain
- Regular Exercise
- Vitamin D supplements
When to visit a doctor?
If you experience any of the following signs, schedule an appointment with your doctor right away:
- You haven’t had a period in more than three months and you’re not pregnant.
- Your menstrual cycle changes suddenly.
- You need more than one pad or tampon is required per hour or two.
- Your period duration is longer than 7 days.
- You should visit a doctor if your periods are less than 21 days apart or more than 35 days apart.
- You get intense menstrual pain.
- You have a weird discharge or a fever.
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