Don’t know how to read a sperm analysis report in an easy way? Well, at the end of this article you will surely get the answer.
When a couple struggles to get pregnant even after trying for 8 to 12 months, doctors recommend the male partner undergo a sperm analysis as it helps the infertility specialist to determine if the male is infertile or not.
What is Sperm Analysis?
A semen or sperm analysis is a test that is conducted on a male’s gametes to analyse the health and viability of their sperm in order to determine their sperm’s fertility. The test looks at the number of sperm discharged, the shape and motility of the sperm, and whether or not the patient has a low sperm count or sperm dysfunction.
So, if you have recently undergone a sperm or semen analysis test then you might be wondering what the terms in that report mean, and how to determine if you are fertile or infertile?
Don’t worry, now we will understand how to read a sperm analysis report and what are the normal results.
Easiest Way to Read a Sperm Analysis Report
As soon as you are done with your sperm analysis, you are provided with the report within 24 hours to one week. Apart from this, if we talk about the easy way to read the sperm analysis report there are many factors that determine I you are fertile or not. Let’s take a look.
Volume Of Ejaculated Semen
The volume of semen for normal results should be higher than 2 millilitres. A low semen volume could suggest a low number of sperm to fertilize an egg. An increased fluid volume could also indicate that percentage of sperm present is diluted.
Reasons for low semen volume are frequent sexual intercourse, incomplete collection or ejaculatory duct obstruction.
pH Level Of Sperm
A normal pH level should be between 7.2 to 7.8 pH. If your report indicates a pH level higher than 8 then it means that you have an infection. However, semen’s pH level of less than 7 indicates a blockage in the male’s ejaculatory ducts.
More than 50% of sperm must travel normally one hour after ejaculation for a typical outcome. Because sperm must travel to fertilise an egg, sperm movement, or motility, is critical to fertility. Sperm that moves quickly and forward is considered healthy.
In the motility section of the sperm analysis report, there is the term “sperm count” or “sperm density.” This indicates the total number of sperm present in your semen.
Generally, if your sperm densities range from 15 million to greater than 200 million sperm per millilitre of semen, it’s considered that you have a good sperm count.
Sperm morphology represents the size and shape of sperm, which when faulty affects conception and makes fertilization of a female’s egg more difficult. A sperm should have an oval head and an extended tail.
However, when sperm is distorted like having a bent tail, an extra head, etc, it means the sperm has no fertility potential.
Typically, if the sperm sample is 10 to 12% normal sperms then it’s said that your sperms have fertility potential.
Have Abnormal Results? Here is What That Means
If your sperm analysis report depicts abnormal results then to make your partner pregnant would be really hard. Typically. abnormal results indicate that you might be having infertility, an infection, hormonal imbalances or disease such as diabetes. Your doctor might also recommend you to have another semen analysis in order to be extra sure.
If you are looking to consult an infertility specialist then do choose us. We at Ferticity Fertility Clinics will do our best to provide you with the best infertility counselling and treatments at affordable costs without hassle. Book an appointment with us or call us at +91-11-45890000, 9910120674.